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The Epsilon Eridani system as envisioned by NASA/JPL-Caltech
|Right ascension (Epoch J2000)||03h 32m 55.8442s|
|Declination (Epoch J2000)||-09° 27' 29.744"|
|Distance from Sol||10.5 ± 0.03 ly|
|Other designations||18 Eridani, BD -09°697, GCTP 742.00, GJ 144, HD 22049, HIP 16537, HR 1084, LHS 1557, SAO 130564, WDS 03330-0928.|
|Planets||Epsilon Eridani b|
Epsilon Eridani is located only about 10.5 light-years (ly) away in the northeastern part of the constellation Eridanus, the River. Somewhat smaller and cooler than our own Sun, Sol, Epsilon Eridani is also less luminous. In Earth's night sky, however, it is clearly visible to the naked eye as the third closest star viewable without a telescope.
Observations from NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope show that the system hosts two asteroid belts, in addition to previously identified candidate planets and an outer comet ring.
Epsilon Eridani is located about 10 light-years away in the constellation Eridanus. It is visible in the night skies with the naked eye.
The system's inner asteroid belt appears as the yellowish ring around the star, while the outer asteroid belt is in the foreground. The outermost comet ring is too far out to be seen in this view, but comets originating from it are shown in the upper right corner.
Astronomers think that each of Epsilon Eridani's asteroid belts could have a planet orbiting just outside it, shepherding its rocky debris into a ring in the same way that Jupiter helps keep our asteroid belt confined. The planet near the inner belt was previously identified in 2000 via the radial velocity, or "star wobble," technique, while the planet near the outer belt was inferred when Spitzer discovered the belt.
The inner belt orbits at a distance of about 3 astronomical units from its star -- or about the same position as the asteroid belt in our own solar system (an astronomical unit is the distance between Earth and our sun). The second asteroid belt lies at about 20 astronomical units from the star, or a position comparable to Uranus in our solar system. The outer comet ring orbits from 35 to 90 astronomical units from the star; our solar system's analogous Kuiper Belt extends from about 30 to 50 astronomical units from the sun.
The Epilson Eridani system has two asteroid belts made of rocky and metallic debris left over from the early stages of planetary formation. The innermost debris belt is located roughly around the same position as the Main Asteroid Belt in our solar system and is rich in silicate dust, while the second, denser belt (which is also mostly likely to be composed of bodies rich in rock as well as ices) lies between the first belt and a broad, outer ring of icy bodies at 35 to 90 AUs out from Epsilon Eridani that is similar to the Solar System's Edgeworth-Kuiper Belt.
This main sequence, orange-red dwarf (K2 V) is a relative young star that may be around 850 million years old, within the range between 500 million to a billion years old. It may have about 83 (+/- 0.05) to 85 percent of Sol's mass, 84 percent of its diameter, but only about 27.8 percent of its luminosity.
The distance from Epsilon Eridani where an Earth-type rocky planet may have liquid water on its surface may have to be between 0.47 and 0.91 AU -- between the orbital distances of Mercury and Earth in the Solar System. In that distance range from the star, such a planet would have an orbital period shorter an Earth year.
|Sidebar: Sparks: Ocean Lifeforms|
A local group of Arcadian Deap Sea Fauna that appear to live off residual energy collected or leaking from Gate Metal chunks. They generate weak bioelectric fields which stimulate the release of energy from Gate Metal. They are noted for their complex bioluminescence. There're seven different types of Spark: Darts, Bulbs, Bloomers, Shooters, Zippers and Whizzers. They are believed to be different genders of the same species
Of debated intelligence, especially once the videologs were released after Operation CAMERON was revealed to Fenspace which appearred to show them responding to attempts to communicate via flashlight.
A recovered Spark had a noticeably high body concentration of Handwavium. Above the usual biomod threshold.
Leda Swansen plans to personally fund an expedition to investigate them further.
An Earth like planet in the liquid water zone with large oceans. The planetary biosphere is currently at a Devonian stage of development, with significant ocean life. Plants and ferns have colonised the majority of the surface, but animal life remains confined to the oceans.
Starfleet believes the planet to have been terraformed sometime in the recent past, and as established the Arcadian Ecological Preservation Area to minimise any corruption of research into the terraforming process. Commercial exploitation and mining of the planet is forbidden, tourists are required to leave no trash behind
Arcadia is a popular destination, with a number of companies running multi-week cruises.
Arcadia has a 12 hour day, and a single significant moon.
The Iconian Gate has crashed on the surface of the planet at an unknown time in the past, a fact the Federation originall classified to prevent souvenir hunters from destabilising the fragile ecosystem and disrupting research.
The existance of the ruined gate came to light when the details of Operation CAMERON were leaked to Fenspace.
Known Places Around Epsilon Eridani
- Epsilon Eridani b A Jupiter class planet with a mass of about 1.55 times that of Jupiter. Its orbit has an average radius of 3.39 AUs and takes about 6.9 years to complete. At its maximum distance of 5.8 AU from its primary any water on its moons would freeze. However, under certain conditions life could survive in these circumstances.
- Starbase 3 (Fenspace Infinities), orbiting Epsilon Eridani b
- (Spitzer press release)
- (Backman et al, 2008)
- (Benedict et al, 2006)
- (Saffe et al, 2005)
- (Johnson and Wright, 1983, page 653)
- (Saumon et al, 1996, page 17)
- (Jones and Sleep, 2003)
- The gate ruin was discovered by an unknown Tourist in November 2022. The Federation had long suspected its presence in-system.